非必要的施工隐患

2020年4月2日 施工Exec.com 出版物
作者: 丽莎·格拉恩 杰弗里·布莱斯(Jeffrey R.

本文 最初出现在ConstructionExec.com上和is republished here with permission.

随着全国各州和地方政府努力界定哪种建筑“essential”以及哪个建筑是“non-essential,” one topic of conversation has been overlooked: what liability exposure does a contractor have to its workers if it continues with work that is later deemed 不重要的? While certain liabilities may be covered by the workers' compensation laws of various states, other liabilities may not.

自从COVID-19大流行开始以来,州和地方政府的命令激增,包括在职和类似命令。 50个州 施工停工追踪器 由Foley& Lardner, LLP provides a 概要 of the law in those jurisdictions where construction is implicated and provides links to each order. The Shutdown Tracker demonstrates the divergent approaches taken across jurisdictions regarding whether, in fact, construction is an 必要 service. The lack of a federal policy applicable to projects nationwide has contributed to this patchwork of inconsistent orders and regulations throughout the country.

马萨诸塞州发生的战斗是说明性的。波士顿市长马蒂·沃尔什(Marty Walsh)发出特别命令,关闭所有没有任何总体州或地方居留命令的建设项目,此举将于3月16日生效。此后,3月25日,州长查理·贝克(R-Mass。)发布命令要求整个州继续建设。那些相互竞争的指令导致发布了更多的说明,最终导致州和市一级采取了不同的做法,沃尔什控股公司暂停了他的建筑,贝克回应了对安全的关注。

战斗的核心是市长对贸易劳工的健康和福利的关注。即使遵循了新的OSHA指南,也可以保护工人吗?鉴于风险,应否允许建筑公司要求工人继续提供服务? 3月31日,贝克重新发布了该州COVID-19基本服务的清单—似乎同意沃尔什市长的初步决定,即必须停止施工—除了在有限的情况下,广泛禁止建造。这些新准则于下午12点在马萨诸塞州生效。 4月1日。

In contrast, most construction in Wisconsin was deemed 必要 with the exception of undefined “美观或可选”施工。根据此顺序, 密尔沃基前哨杂志 published a story questioning whether the redevelopment of a former mall, among other listed projects, was an 必要 construction project. This particular story foreshadows a scenario that could play out in the courts in the future. Should contractors continue to expose workers to a potentially deadly virus in order to accomplish completion of commercial and retail stores? Certainly there were significant economic considerations, but is a mall redevelopment an “essential” project?

有什么要紧的?

随着各州继续与“essential” and “non-essential” construction, contractors are left to decide whether to continue their projects. The truly 必要 projects are relatively easy to identify, such as hospitals and water treatment plants. Similarly, truly 不重要的 projects, such as retail clothing stores, are also easy to identify. But what about the gray areas? If a project is not clearly 必要, are the risks of continuing worth the reward?

尽管没有人能预测立法机关,但原告的律师,法官和陪审团会如何看待大流行期间开展的活动,但承包商应假定所有行动都将受到审查。如果工人生病或不幸去世,立法机构是否会颁布扩大承包商责任的立法?是否会提起诉讼或集体诉讼?

无疑,将对该项目是否“essential“ in the first instance. If it is not, questions will be asked about why the project was allowed to continue in the face of such peril. Even if the project is later confirmed to be 必要, the next questions will focus on the thoroughness and implementation of an updated safety plan incorporating the COVID-19 pandemic OSHA guidance—所有这些都应仔细审查并认真执行。

While the duration of the potential shutdown and the re-establishment of the supply chain is unknown, during these uncertain times, contractors should objectively assess the risks of continuing with projects that could be deemed 不重要的 in the future. Moreover, for those projects that continue, a thorough and thoughtful revision of health and safety plans and strict adherence to those plans is critical.

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